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Sunday, November 28, 2010

Conflict Causes

According to Fisher et al. (2000) in Ilham (2006) conflict is the relationship between two or more parties (individuals or groups) who have, or who feel ownership, goals that are inconsistent. Conflict is a fact of life, is inevitable and often is creative. Conflict occurs when the destination is not in line community. Conflicts arise due to imbalance between social relations, such as the gap in social status, less inequality in wealth and unequal access which then raises issues of discrimination.
Some behaviors that may arise in the conflict (Hae, et al., 2000), among others:
1.      Perception pengotak-ngotakan. When the conflict started sticking, each group tends to limit itself to the group. One area that previously was eventually split apart in accordance with the identity of its citizens. As a result of clashes that lasted 20 years in Belfast, the separation group the Nationalist (mainly Protestant) and pro-independence groups (mostly Catholic) have been up to making the wall as high as 5 meters. Similarly, in Ambon, although there is no wall of separation, segregation area Muslims and Christians have occurred. In line with that Soekanto (1990) call with the emergence of solidarity in-group. The increasingly close ties between members of the group, and even willing to sacrifice for the unity of the group. Or conversely, unstable and breakdown of unity of the group. This happens when the conflict between groups within a particular group.
2.      Stereotypes. Giving a label to people from other groups presented in the speech hereditary. The goal is usually negative, to denigrate the opponent.
3.      Demonisasi (penjelek-jelekan). After appearing stereotypes, there are also action demonisasi on your opponent. Which is typically very systematic action produces a negative image of a very sinister. The statement that appears, for example: "Person A is of interest X, be careful of people who have tribes ...., X was a cold-blooded murderer ... He was the nation pemenggal head and human blood drinkers."
4.      Threats. Will come various threats, physical or verbal, on the opponent. Medium which can be used orally from mouth to mouth until the use of leaflets and even through the mass media newspapers, radio, and television.
5.      coercion (coercion). There is always a force against members of their own group or other groups.
6.      Mobility of human resources. There is always a crowd-raising fast and solid.
7.      Citra mirror. Each party to the conflict is always seen himself. He will always look in the mirror at himself without seeing the perspective of others or his opponent.
8.      Recognition of self-image, which is associated with for example agree that I am an enemy of people / groups. The statement usually appears "yes, I was his enemy. I will be ready to serve ,...." and so on.

Next Soekanto (1990) in Ilham (2006) adds the consequences are to:
9.      The destruction of property and human casualties. Form of warfare which terdahsyat conflict has caused heavy suffering to both the winners and to losers, in the field of material as well as for the soul-body human.
10.  Accommodation. Domination and subjugation either party if the interested parties opposing forces in balance, then maybe there will be accommodation.
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